1535 Cogswell Street Unit C-15 - Rockledge, Florida - 32955     321-220-3379  

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Sunday, February 2, 2020

Is there such a thing as eco-friendly disposable cups?

Good question! When organizing events, we were faced with the issue of what kind of cups to use a couple of years ago and decided to go with compostable cups because production/ingredients are better and we had access to a composting facility. If you don't have access to a facility, the cups will end up in the landfill as any other trash.

Reusable cups will always be the best option.

For disposable, there are a few greener options to consider. Let me list some of the pros/cons of these options to help you make a decision:
Pros: Low cost; can be recycled through Terracycle; light; no leaks; people are used to them; easy to
Cons: Support single-use plastic industry; contribute to the fossil fuel industry; manufacturing not a clean process; users exposed to plastic chemical; break down into small plastic pieces if not properly disposed

Pros: Made from compostable ingredients (sugarcane bagasse; corn starch etc); support green industry; degrade faster and naturally (in industrial composting environment) 
Cons: More expensive than regular plastic; a bit of research involved in picking the best option/vendor; without an industrial composting facility, they will have to go to the landfill; break down into small plastic pieces if not properly disposed

Pros: Normally cheaper than compostable option; support recycling industry; are made from up to 30%
recycled plastic
Cons: Also supports single-use plastic industry; contributes to the fossil fuel industry; manufacturing not a clean process; users exposed to plastic chemical; go to the landfill; break down into small plastic pieces if not properly dispose 

4. Paper (from responsible sources/renewable material)
Pros: Reasonable price; support green industry; some are 100% made from bamboo or renewable
Cons: More expensive than regular plastic cups; go to the landfill; production is resource-use intensive; might leak; use plastic coat

In sum: if it is disposable, it's not eco-friendly - it will become waste a few minutes after being used.

But if you are really going for disposable, your pick will most probably depend on your budget and who you want to support. As you can see from the list above, most of the disposable cups will end up going to the landfill...

Properly Disposing of Nail Polish

Did you know that nail polish often contains toxic chemicals and the U.S. EPA considers nail polish to be household hazardous waste (HHW)?

Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) Environmental Consultant John White explained the difference between residential and commercial proper disposal:

"Nail polish typically contains a large amount of volatile organic solvent which gives it the distinctive odor. The solvent will make the nail polish ignitable, meaning it has a flashpoint less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Waste generated by a business with a flashpoint less than 140 degrees Fahrenheit would be regulated as a hazardous waste and would need to be shipped to a facility permitted to accept such waste.

Waste generated by Homeowners in Florida is excluded from regulation as a hazardous waste under Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations (40 CFR) 261.4(b)(1). The regulations in 40 CFR that pertain to hazardous waste are adopted by Florida in the Florida Administrative Code (FAC) 62-730. So, under this exclusion, if the nail polish is generated by a household (this does not include an in-home business) then the waste nail polish is not regulated as a hazardous waste and may be disposed of in the trash. Since disposal of chemicals is a recognized threat to Florida’s groundwater, most counties in Florida have household hazardous waste collection centers to ensure proper collection and disposal of these excluded wastes. Brevard County has managed a household hazardous waste program for many years now. The contact is Rita Perini; or (321) 633-1888.

If the waste nail polish is generated by a business, in any amount, then it would be regulated as a hazardous waste if it exhibits any characteristic identified in 40 CFR Part 261 Subpart C, this includes ignitability with a flashpoint below 140 degrees Fahrenheit. Businesses must ensure proper disposal of hazardous waste which entails using a hazardous waste transporter registered in Florida and shipping the waste to a permitted treatment, storage, or disposal facility – typically out of state. The regulations for hazardous waste generators are in 40 CFR Part 260-268 and are adopted in 62-730, FAC.

Companies that generate more than 220 pounds in any calendar month must notify the state and federal government that they are managing hazardous waste. It is a simple form that identifies the location and type of wastes generated.

Most nail salons would be considered very small quantity generators, which means they would generate less than 220 pounds of hazardous waste in a calendar month. These companies do not need to notify the state but they still need to properly manage any waste."

To summarize the information received from FDEP:

1. Regular nail polish used at home (household use) should be disposed of in the regular trash when dried out (open container to let any leftover liquid dry out first) or, when nail polish is in liquid form, through the HHW program if available.

2. Businesses anywhere in Florida that generate more than 220 pounds in any calendar month should have a special service to collect their nail polish product and must notify the state and federal government that they are managing hazardous waste. Businesses generating less than 220 pounds/month do not need to notify the state but they still need to properly manage any waste.

Nail Polish Reusing
Other alternative for unwanted, but still liquid, nail polish is to reuse it to seal, mark, decorate or repair various items you already use. Some may even find crafts, like making nail polish pencils and pens or miniature snow globes, as good ways to reuse old nail polish bottles but be mindful of how you dispose of any remnants -- regular nail polish _is_ toxic.

Nail Polish Recycling
Even though not recyclable in regular curbside programs, despite being toxic, nail polish can be recycled. Companies like Chemwise offer recycling services and a mail-in option for liquid nail polish. Through their SMARTbeauty pack, they are able to recycle the polish, the glass container, and the plastic applicator. Instead of throwing nail polish in the trash, you may choose to go a step further and recycle it!

Something Else to Consider 
But if it is hazardous, should we even be applying polish to our nails?

A good alternative (for many reasons!) is to use non-toxic nail polish. "Most non-toxic nail polishes are three-free, meaning they do not contain formaldehyde, toluene, and dibutyl phthalate. Beyond that, polishes go as far as being nine-, or 10-, or even 14-free."

There are many brands that fit the bill and will not include certain toxic components but why not top that with a cruelty-free, vegan product? If you are looking for that option? There are plenty of brands out there - like Adesse New York (12-free), 786 (11-free), IBN (11-free), Cirque Colors (10-free), Karma Organic (7-free), Cote (6-free) - and  Pure (16-free) was one of the more reasonably priced of them and with the least toxicity. Do your own research and consider switching to a healthier and more humane option.

Monday, January 13, 2020

More Reasons to go Paperless

Going paperless in general has the advantage of saving paper and reducing waste - don’t get a printed copy of what you don’t need. 
But there’s an extra reason to say ‘no’ to printed cashier receipts: "When people handle receipts printed on thermal paper containing the endocrine disruptor bisphenol A (BPA), the chemical could linger in the body for a week or more (Environ. Sci. Technol. 2017, DOI: 10.1021/acs.est.7b03093)," reads the article from Chemical & Engineering News.

Consumer Reports adds, "Food is the top source of BPA exposure simply because so much of what we eat and drink comes packaged in BPA-containing plastic containers or cans (BPA is in the linings). But the form of BPA used in food containers is chemically bound, while the type used in thermal paper easily rubs off."  (
In that same article, John Warner, Ph.D., president of the Warner Babcock Institute for Green Chemistry, warns that "There's more BPA in a single thermal paper receipt than the total amount that would leach out from a polycarbonate water bottle used for many years," and the article goes on to inform readers that "Some manufacturers make “BPA free” thermal paper, but it’s often coated with a chemical called BPS. According to a 2014 report from the EPA, BPS may pose health hazards similar to BPA because the two chemicals are structurally alike and BPS is also easily transferred to skin." 

For the sake of our health, the best thing to do is to try to reduce our exposure to those chemicals, but how can we do that?

In a blog post, the Plastic Pollution Coalition compiled the following list:
  • Be aware that thermal paper discolors easily when scratched with a coin or paperclip.
  • Don’t accept receipts whenever possible.
  • Go with a paperless receipt via email or text message. This is an increasingly available option at many retailers.
  • If you must handle a receipt, try to touch only the nonglossy backside. It contains much less BPA.
  • Carefully store receipts. If you absolutely need a receipt, place it in an envelope. Its BPA will rub off on everything: your hands, pocket, wallet, or purse, even the folding money in your wallet.
  • Quickly wash your hands after touching a receipt. Scrub with soap and water. If you wait longer than four minutes, it’s too late.
  • Wear latex gloves if your job requires the frequent handling of receipts.
  • Don’t use a hand sanitizer after touching a possible thermal receipt - in a recent experiment, Dr. vom Saal and his team demonstrated that BPA levels went up to 185 times higher, “an absolute monster effect,” after the use of skin products such as hand sanitizers, sunscreens, and moisturizers. These products often contain chemicals called “dermal penetration enhancers” that break down the skin’s protective barrier to enhance delivery of the products’ active ingredients.
After reading about this, who doesn't want to say goodbye to receipts and try to go paperless?

Wednesday, January 8, 2020

Decluttering is Easier than Ever

At the beginning of every year there seems to be a frenzy to organize and/or declutter.  I think it has something to do with new year resolutions.  Whether you follow any of the minimalist recommendations or not, it takes time to do this if you want to do it right.

Recycle Brevard is based on the 3Rs - Reduce, Reuse and  Recycle.  We work tirelessly to help keep items out of the landfills.  We also encourage our friends to donate locally and support our neighbors through those donations.  However, we recently discovered that there's a program called Give Back Box which makes it incredibly easy, particularly for those folks who have mobility or transportation issues, to donate their used household goods in addition to reusing cardboard boxes.  Talk about waste diversion!  It certainly doesn't hurt that part of Give Back Box's mission statement is that they're "dedicated to protecting our environment through the philosophy of reduce, reuse, and recycle by helping people to donate items to charities using the same box".

The Give Back Box  program was founded in 2012 by Monika Wiela.  It's teamed up with some of the biggest retailers in the country, including but certainly not limited to Overstock, Amazon, LEGO, Viva Terra and many, many others.  And, in case I didn't mention this before, it costs you nothing at all to donate your goods.  And when I say nothing, I mean nothing. You no longer have to try to fit driving your donations around in your already busy schedule; just mail it to the Give Back Box and they will take care of the rest.

Give Back Box explains the program as easy as this:  Step 1:  Open your Box; Step 2: Pack your Box; Step 3:  Send your Box.

Now I have to say that I, personally, have never used this program since I reuse all of my cardboard boxes in my garden - thanks to a suggestion from a good friend of mine - and donate locally, but I think this is a terrific program because it offers a solution to a segment of our population who can use some help in this direction.

So, pack your boxes, print a free label from Give Back Box's website and let me know what you think.  It couldn't be much easier, that's for sure.

(Article contributed by Chris Kane, volunteer at Recycle Brevard)

Thursday, January 2, 2020

Can Smoke Detectors be recycled?

One of the chores that many families have at the beginning of the new year is changing the batteries on  their smoke and/or carbon monoxide detectors. This is one chore that can easily save your life. Occasionally, you’ll come across detectors that need to be replaced and this is where it gets a little more complicated. 

To start, there are four basic types of residential smoke detectors:

1. Ionization Smoke Alarms:  ionization smoke detectors are designed to detect fast, flaming fires.  They contain a small amount of a man-made, radioactive material, Americium-241, which emits minimal radiation, so it is considered safe for human exposure UNLESS the device has been tampered with.

2. Photoelectric Smoke Alarms:  Photoelectric smoke detectors function best for detecting smoky, smoldering fires.  Unlike ionization smoke alarms, photoelectric smoke detectors do not contain any radioactive material.

3. Dual-Sensor Smoke Alarms:  Dual-sensor smoke alarms combine ionization and photoelectric technology in one detector.  The combination of technologies helps the device detect both fast, flaming fires and smoky, smoldering fires, alleviating the need to install two separate detectors.

4. Combination Smoke/CO Alarms:  Combination Smoke and Carbon Monoxide alarms can detect both smoke and carbon monoxide.  Depending on the type of smoke detector in this combination, they may or may not contain radioactive material.

Most homes have the ionization types and this is problematic when you go to dispose of them as they contain a small amount of radioactive material.


On the Brevard County Solid Waste Management Dept. website (, they quote the Nuclear Regulatory Commission where they exempt these materials (smoke detectors) from regulatory requirements. NRC recommends disposal in your regular household trash or MAIL BACK to the manufacturer. 

Waste Management makes reference on their website ( to LampTracker which does, in fact, take back, via mail, smoke detectors ( for a fee.  However, the smallest container for you to purchase is $79.00, whose capacity is for 4-5 6 x 6 inch filters, which isn’t really practical for a residential customer.

I was able to find a couple of other companies which you can send your detectors to, for a price - these are only a few of the companies offering this service:

1. CuriePackSM Radioactive (Am-241) Smoke Alarm Recycling Kit -1 gallon (~4 Alarms)  cost is $49.99
It’s important to note that unidentifiable or disassembled/stripped down smoke alarms are NOT allowed in the 1 gallon CuriePack and will be surcharged at $8 each.

2. Smoke Detector (Consumer) Recycling Kit - $59 (capacity of around 5 units); IMPORTANT: This program is only for smoke detectors containing Americium 241.(Detectors containing other radioactive materials are not accepted.)


The best way to dispose of an ionization type detector is to return it to the manufacturer for responsible recycling.  However - and there’s always a however isn’t there? - not all manufacturers will take their products back.

In an ideal world, all manufacturers would be responsible for taking back their products at the end of life cycle. This would take the onus off of consumers for properly disposing of the products and back on the manufacturers where it rightly belongs. But, as of today, the ideal world is just a figment of imagination.

Something to think about when you’re purchasing your next detector is to purchase one from a manufacturer who specifically provides an end of life recycling option.

Doing research for this article, I found references to several different websites that contain information for a variety of manufacturers, but unfortunately very little of it was up to date. Information which I verified with individual manufacturers is listed later in this article, but I need to emphasize that prior to sending your detectors back to the manufacturer you should always contact them to be sure the information provided is up to date as it changes quite frequently. 

The main manufacturers of smoke detectors and CO alarms are:  First Alert and Kidde, representing ¾ of the market. Other manufacturers include:  Nest, Swann, Gentex, Firex, Code One, Honeywell, Universal Security Instruments and Panasonic.

Typically, there is a label on the back of your smoke detector which contains the name and address of the manufacturer.  They should be contacted for appropriate disposal information as, unfortunately, each manufacturer is different. 

Following is a sample of the differences between various manufacturers and instructions:

1. Kidde manufactures CodeOne & FirexOn Kidde’s website they recommend contacting your local fire department to verify compliance with any jurisdictional ordinances or requirements.  After contacting them, they told me that they do, in fact, have an individual consumer disposal program.  Like most things, it’s not simple and requires the consumer to fill out a form to receive authorization to send in their alarm.  The consumer pays all costs associated with the return of the alarm.  I have a copy of the form which they forwarded to me.

2. Gentex
Although they recommend recycling them at local facilities (which we don’t have), they did check with their applications engineer who said that they could be sent back to his attention, but we need to be certain to mark the box ‘RECYCLE”.

Gentex Corporation
11768 James Street
Holland, MI 49424
Attention:  Jim Bohn

3. First Alert
Will accept up to 4 of First Alert devices at a time.  You need to call ahead for mailing instructions.  The number is 800-323-9005 ext. 2; customer service department. The company’s address is 3920 Enterprise Court, Aurora, Il 60504.  Again, you pay costs.

4. Nest
Google (Nest’s manufacturer)  is the only manufacturer  I could find where recycling  was totally free for residents. Mail your device to be recycled (US only)

Google offers a free mail back program through its partner, Reverse Logistics Group Americas (RLGA), for google’s customers. RLGA only accepts Nest Smoke Detectors for recycling. To use the mail back program, follow the steps below:

After reading this information, I’m sure you can see how complicated this is.  It shouldn’t be that way - obviously.  However, it is, and until it’s changed we have to go through the process.

The best way to make the necessary changes is to contact the manufacturers of your smoke detectors and if they don’t accept them back, write to them and tell them they should be responsible for the return of their products at the conclusion of their life cycle.  That would be a start.

(Article contributed by Chris Kane, volunteer at Recycle Brevard)